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Climate Change

Publications from the Climate Change Work Programme.

Publications are listed by date published (most recent first).

PDF Climate Change: Implications for Investors and Financial Institutions (1.2 MB | 16 pages)

Published: 2014 | By: UNEP FI, Cambridge and IIGCC


PDF Insuring Climate Resilience (2.2 MB | 32 pages)

Key to achieving climate resilience is access to sound risk assessment, management and transfer. The insurance industry possesses considerable expertise and know-how in these areas. This study, based on a survey among over 50 private sector insurance companies worldwide, explores how insurance companies and governments can work together to provide to vulnerable communities, particularly in developing countries, access to the insurance services needed to better cope with weather extremes.

Published: 2013 | By: UNEP FI


PDF 2013 Global Insurance Industry Statement (290 KB | 4 pages)

UNEP FI in partnership with ClimateWise and the Munich Climate Insurance Initiative (MCII), developed a joint statement that sets out a number of key areas of action that insurers have agreed to take forward, and recommendations for the wider multilateral community. The statement was first presented for discussion at the Caring for Climate Business Forum at the UNFCCC COP in Warsaw Poland on 19 November.

Published: 2013 | By: UNEP FI


PDF South-originating Green Finance: Exploring the Potential (1.9 MB | 22 pages)

The report presents the latest quantitative evidence of rising levels of green finance from developing countries, and the key policy conclusion that such finance assesses investment risks differently and has different development consequences as compared to international finance. Policy directions implied by this important, emerging trend are signaled in the report as requiring more detailed analysis. Opportunities need to be understood and advanced for suitable fiscal incentives and national financial market policies and regulations to promote such finance, as well as policy levers in South-South trade and investment agreements. Climate finance policies and initiatives, including the Green Climate Fund, might explicitly consider how best to encourage South-originated green finance.

Published: 2013 | By: UNEP FI, IISD, SDC


PDF Investor Briefing - Portfolio Carbon (4.9 MB | 40 pages)

Through this Investor Briefing, UNEP FI provides a clear and compelling case for why and how investors and their service providers should start measuring, disclosing and reducing the GHG emissions associated with their investments and investment portfolios. Not only can institutional investors play a catalytic role in the decarbonization of the economy; increasingly, regulators, policy-makers, investee companies, pension beneficiaries and the public at large are expecting investors to fulfill precisely that responsibility.

A number of current trends mean that, from an investor perspective, GHG emissions increasingly must be treated as a source of financial risk that must be better understood, measured, communicated, and ultimately mitigated.

These trends include the steady emergence of climate change regulation and legislation in national and local jurisdictions; civil society calls for greater transparency on the environmental impacts of investment activity; and a gradual shift to mandatory disclosure on climate change and other environmental, social and governance (ESG) factors, both by companies and investors.


Published: 2013 | By: UNEP FI


PDF 2012 Global Investor Letter on Climate Change (440 KB | 3 pages)

2012 Global Investor Letter On Climate Change: World’s Iargest Investors Call for More Decisive Action by Governments on Climate Change.

Institutional investor networks representing the world’s largest investors today published an open letter addressed to governments of the world’s largest economies calling for a new dialogue on climate change policy in order to avert dangerous climate change and its resulting economic impacts. The letter, announced ahead of international climate negotiations in Doha calls for:

  • Clear, consistent and predictable policies that encourage low carbon investment;
  • Knowledge sharing between governments on effective climate and clean energy policies, building on successful existing national and regional measures;
  • Stronger international agreements that send clear market signals about the future of climate policy and reductions in greenhouse gas emissions

Published: 2012 |


PDF Financing Renewable Energy in Developing Countries: Drivers and Barriers for Private Finance in sub-Saharan Africa (3.8 MB | 56 pages)

This report outlines how current obstacles to the scaling-up of sustainable energy solutions in Africa - namely cost, infrastructure, and risk - can be tackled with the involvement of private finance. The report's conclusions and recommendations to sub-Saharan Africa and international policy-makers are based on a survey of 38 financial institutions.

Published: 2012 | By: UNEP FI


PDF Re-launch of AND YET IT MOVES – success stories and drivers of CDM project development in sub-Saharan Africa (1.1 MB | 56 pages)

International carbon markets have promised to catalyze low-carbon investment in regions of the world that are in need of both sustainable growth and a stable climate system. The expectations for CDM project development in sub-Saharan Africa were therefore particularly high; the results to date rather disappointing. Through real-world case studies in a number of countries and across different types of low-carbon technologies, this study shows that, despite many barriers and difficult circumstances, it is possible to combine financial with environmental returns in a region that is in need of both.

Published: 2012 | By: UNEP FI


PDF Insurance in a Changing Risk Landscape - Local lessons from the Southern Cape of South Africa (1.2 MB | 16 pages)

This report is a result of the research partnership between the Santam Group, WWF, University of Cape Town and Council of Scientific & Industrial Research, and was produced in collaboration with UNEP FI.

It features a case study on the current and future risk exposure to wildfire, flood and sea storm in the Eden District Municipality of South Africa, and offers insights on risk drivers such as climatic changes and human-induced changes to land cover and the buffering capacity of ecosystems. This makes a case for ‘ecosystem-based adaptation’, an approach that uses biodiversity and ecosystem services as part of an overall adaptation strategy, complementing traditional actions such as infrastructure development.

The report suggests a systems view of risk assessment, and a more proactive approach to risk management through a shared response at the local level.

It was launched during the 2011 UN Climate Change Conference in Durban, South Africa at an event focusing on how governments and the insurance industry can work together in building climate-resilient communities.

Languages: English, Korean

Published: 2011 | By: Santam, WWF, University of Cape Town, CSIR, UNEP FI


PDF Investment-grade Climate Change Policy: Financing the transition to the low-carbon economy (1.3 MB | 44 pages)

The report has two objectives: (1) to contribute to policymakers’ understanding of the factors that institutional investors consider when investing in areas such as renewable energy and energy efficiency, and (2) to set out what institutional investors see as ‘investment-grade’ climate change and clean energy policy that would support significant low carbon, clean energy investment.

Published: 2011 | By: IIGCC, INCR, IGCC, UNEP FI


PDF 2011 Global Investor Statement on Climate Change (438 KB | 8 pages)

Climate change presents major long-term risks to the global economy and to the assets in which we invest. At the same time, well designed and effectively implemented long-term climate change and clean energy policy (“investment-grade policies”) will not only present significant opportunities for investors in areas such as cleaner and renewable energy, energy efficiency and decarbonisation, but will also yield substantial economic benefits including creating new jobs and businesses, stimulating technological innovation, and providing a robust foundation for economic recovery and sustainable long-term economic growth.

Using the 2011 Global Investor Statement on Climate Change, investors will advocate for investment grade climate change and energy policies at the national and international level.
Press release.

Published: 2011 | By: IIGCC, INCR, IGCC, UNPRI, UNEP FI


PDF REDDy-Set-Grow Part II: Private sector suggestions for international climate change negotiators (1.2 MB | 45 pages)

In this report, the financial sector voices suggestions to international climate change negotiators on how an effective regime for forest-based climate change mitigation should be designed to mobilise private finance engagement and investment.

Executive Summary
Press Release

Published: 2011 | By: UNEP FI


PDF REDDy, Set, Grow - Opportunities and roles for financial institutions in forest carbon markets (1.7 MB | 41 pages)

This publication - the first of a two-part report - is designed to identify and tackle barriers to investment in forest-related projects, such as the UN-backed Reducing Emissions from Deforestation and forest Degradation (REDD) scheme.

Executive Summary

Published: 2011 | By: UNEP FI


PDF Advancing adaptation through climate information services (1.2 MB | 28 pages)

Financial institutions need more developed information services regarding the physical impacts of changing weather patterns. The survey showed that with the risks of climate change expected to increase, financial service providers need enhanced access and availability of climate information to further enhance related risk management within their industry. The influence of these financial institutions worldwide could in this way play a key role in accelerating the implementation of adaptation measures by the private sector more broadly. The report, sponsored by the German Federal Ministry of Education and Research, presents the results of an international survey undertaken by the Climate Change Working Group (CCWG) of UNEP FI and the Sustainable Business Institute (SBI), Germany. A total of 60 institutions from all continents took part in the survey, including both developed and developing countries. “As a leading insurance group we can observe in our data base in some regions a change of loss patterns from weather catastrophes in the past decades”, said Ernst Rauch, Head Corporate Climate Centre at Munich Re and a member of the CCWG. “To secure risk transfer to the private insurance sector in the future, the understanding of potential impacts from climate change on losses from atmospheric perils is essential. The relevance of climate data and their interpretation for business purposes will play a more and more important role in the future”.

Published: 2011 | By: UNEP FI, SBI


PDF Global Investor Statement on Climate Change (304 KB | 10 pages)

Over 250 investors responsible for the management of funds the size of US GDP call for policies to unlock low-carbon growth and avoid economic devastation.

The world's largest global investors have a powerful message for world governments and climate negotiators in Cancun: take action now in the fight against global warming or risk economic disruptions far more severe than the recent financial crisis. Investors released the statement, which was facilitated by the UNEP FI Climate Change Working Group and Partners, calling for national and international policies that will spur private investment into low-carbon growth and protect the world economy from the worst impacts of climate change.

Signatories include both global players like UNEP FI Signatories Allianz and HSBC as well as many smaller institutions from developed and developing countries. This is the largest-ever group of investors to call for government action on climate change. “We cannot drag our feet on the issue of global climate change," said Barbara Krumsiek, Chair of the UNEP FI and CEO of US-based investment firm Calvert Investments. "Calvert is deeply concerned about the devastating impacts climate change - if left unaddressed - will have on the global economy. Based on the Stern Report, we know these impacts could reach global GDP cuts of an unimaginable 20% per year. Why should we take that risk? The solutions are quickly emerging and we must deploy these solutions to help secure the innovation and sustainable growth our economies need."

Press release.

Versions: Spanish Portuguese

Published: 2010 | By: IIGCC, INCR, IGCC, UNEP FI, UNPRI


PDF Global insurance industry statement: Adapting to climate change in developing countries (550 KB | 4 pages)

The global insurance industry demands public-private action on climate change adaptation in developing countries

Four initiatives representing more than 100 leading international insurance companies are today calling on governments worldwide to harness risk management techniques and insurance expertise to help implement climate change adaptation measures in the developing world as well as to firmly anchor insurance mechanisms as part of the future international climate change regime under the UNFCCC.

The data is clear: weather-related disasters have become significantly more frequent and more extreme in recent decades and this trend will not cease anywhere in the mid-term future. Ambitious action on reducing greenhouse gas emissions remains critical in order to keep climate change within boundaries not dangerous for global human development. There is a sharpening need, however, to adapt to the unavoidable effects of climate change. This is particularly the case in developing countries where human health, social security and basic infrastructure are less robust.

Given its risk management expertise and skills, the insurance industry can play an important role in supporting governments to prioritise concrete adaptation measures, incentivise loss reduction, develop products to cover emerging risks and raise awareness amongst many stakeholders. However, without a suitable enabling economic and regulatory framework, insurance risk management mechanisms are falling considerably short of their potential to deliver adaptation benefits.
See the Press Release.
Versions: French Spanish Korean

Published: 2010 | By: ClimateWise, Geneva Association, Munich Climate Insurance Initiative, UNEP FI


PDF 2010 Investor Statement on Catalyzing Investment in a Low-Carbon Economy (230 KB | 7 pages)

On 14 January 2010 the world’s largest investors released a statement calling on the U.S. and other governments to quickly adopt strong national climate policies that will establish a stable investment climate and thus spur low-carbon investments to reduce emissions causing climate change. At December’s Copenhagen Climate Change Summit it was estimated that private-sector investors will need to finance more than 85 percent of the global transition to a low-carbon economy.

The Investor Statement on Catalyzing Investment in a Low-Carbon Economy calls for rapid action on carbon emission limits, energy efficiency, renewable energy, financing mechanisms and other policies. The statement was endorsed by four groups representing more than 190 investors with more than US$ 13 trillion of assets – Investor Network on Climate Risk (INCR), Institutional Investors Group on Climate Change (IIGCC), Investor Group on Climate Change (IGCC) and the United Nations Environment Programme Finance Initiative (UNEP FI).

Press release

Published: 2010 | By: Major Investors


PDF Catalysing low carbon growth in developing economies - Public Finance Mechanisms to scale up private sector investment in climate solutions (1.5 MB | 28 pages)

The successful mobilization of private investment for greenhouse gas abatement and adaptation to climate change especially in developing countries will be one of the critical conditions for the success of any global climate change strategy. In the recent past carbon markets have already played an important role in doing so, but, given their limited breadth and depth, they are unlikely to channel private finance at the scale needed in the coming years. Public Finance Mechanisms (PFMs) have the potential to leverage large quantities of private investment through smart public investment at scales beyond the carbon markets. This report provides an evidence base of what design features have made such mechanisms work successfully in the past. It further suggests how, with which design elements and through which institutional frameworks and mechanisms PFMs at international level could best be deployed to leverage private investment in a scale needed for the creation of a low-carbon economy.
Case Study Analysis (PDF: 1.4 MB)
Press release
Chinese version summary

Published: 2009 | By: UNEP FI


PDF 2009 Investor Statement on the Urgent Need for a Global Agreement on Climate Change (263 KB | 12 pages)

Co-ordinated by four leading investor groups on climate change - the US-based Investor Network on Climate Risk (INCR), the European Institutional Investors Group on Climate Change (IIGCC), the Investors Group on Climate Change (IGCC) in Australia and New Zealand) and the Climate Change Working Group (CCWG) of the United Nations Environment Programme Finance Initiative (UNEP FI), the statement formalises the private sector’s requirement for a strong, binding framework to succeed the Kyoto Protocol.

It was launched 16 September 2009 at the Investor Forum on Climate Change in New York City, co-sponsored by Ceres’ U.S. Investor Network on Climate Risk (INCR), the European Institutional Investors Group on Climate Change, (IIGCC) the United Nations Environment Programme Finance Initiative (UNEP FI), the New York State Comptroller’s Office, and the P8 Group.

View the Press Release

These were some of the speakers at the Forum:

  • Lord Nicholas Stern, Chair of the Grantham Research Institute on Climate Change at the London School of Economics and Special Advisor to the Group Chairman of HSBC on Economic Development and Climate Change
  • Thomas P. DiNapoli, New York State Comptroller
  • Nick Robins, Co-Chair of the UNEP FI Climate Change Working Group and Head of HSBC Climate Change Centre of Excellence
  • Rob Lake, APG Investments and IIGCC
  • Bill Lockyer, California State Treasurer and INCR member
  • Nathan Fabian, CEO, Investor Group on Climate Change Australia/New Zealand
  • Eric B. Svenson, Vice President, Environment, Health and Safety, PSEG Services Corporation

We thank the following UNEP FI Signatories for their support:

Access Bank - Investment Bank, Nigeria
Acuity Investment Management, Canada
Allianz, Germany
Aquila Capital, Germany
ASN Bank, Netherlands
Aviva, UK
Bank Negara, Indonesia
Bank Sarasin, Switzerland
British Columbia Investment Management Corporation, Canada
BT Financial Group (Westpac), Australia
ClearBridge Advisors, Legg Mason, USA
Colonial First State, Australia
Credit Agricole, France
Daegu Bank, South Korea
Deutsche Bank, Germany
Development Bank of the Philippines (DBP)
Dexia, Belgium
DnB NOR, Norway
Eurizon, Italy
F&C Management, UK
Fira, Mexico
Groupama Asset Management, France
Henderson, UK
ING Group, Netherlands
Insight Investment, UK
Interamerican Insurance Group, Greece
Land-Bank of the Philippines, Philippines
Landesbank Baden Württemberg, Germany
Nordea, Sweden
Pax World, US
Prudential Portfolio Managers, South Africa
SAM, Switzerland
Societe Generale, France
Storebrand, Norway
Swiss Reinsurance Company, Switzerland
The Co-operators Group, Canada
Triodos, Netherlands
VicSuper, Australia
YES Bank, India

For more information, please contact climate[at]unepfi.org.

Published: 2009 | By: Stern


PDF Financing a Global Deal on Climate Change - Executive Summary (677 | 6 pages)

This Green Paper focuses on the priorities identified by UNEP FI to mobilise the skills and resources of the banking, investment and insurance sectors behind an effective, efficient and equitable global deal on climate change at COP15 in Copenhagen.

Published: 2009 | By: UNEP FI


PDF Financing a Global Deal on Climate Change (1.0 MB | 32 pages)

The scale of capital expenditure needed over the next decades to effectively address climate change will have to come jointly from public and private sources. The lion's share of it will have to come from the latter, meaning that it will have to be facilitated, at least partially, by investors, lenders and insurers. This paper contains a set of practical proposals that if implemented as part of an upcoming global deal on climate change could effectively mobilise the resources and skills of the finance sector in financing mitigation and acting on adaptation. (Executive Summary)
Provide your feedback.

Published: 2009 | By: UNEP FI


PDF Energy Efficiency and the Finance Sector (2.1 MB | 76 pages)

Climate Change Working Group survey report on lending activities and policy issues

There is common understanding that energy efficiency is a crucial piece of the puzzle to control climate disruption within the required timeframe, as well as to combine vital environmental and economic returns while increasing energy security. Yet investments towards energy efficiency appear to be lagging behind the actual development of financially viable technologies.

If such efficient technologies are there, why do lenders and borrowers appear not to recognise the large potentials and easily accessible opportunities behind the simple concept that cost reductions immediately translate to cash-flow and profit generation?

This survey explored how financial institutions are already dealing with the energy efficiency concept and what the reasons are for a lack of dynamism in this field. It provides an evidence base that highlights the steps that private as well as public lenders and policy-makers can take to better exploit the vast potentials of energy efficiency in an increasingly energy- and carbon-constrained world.
Chinese version summary

Published: 2009 | By: UNEP FI


PDF Energy Efficiency and the Finance Sector - Executive summary (814 KB | 12 pages)

A survey on lending activities and policy issues.
Chinese version

Published: 2009 | By: UNEP FI


PDF Carbon Crunch: Meeting the Cost (754 KB | 16 pages)

The briefing analyzes the most recent studies on the economics and cost of climate change, and the investment required for mitigation and adaptation. It highlights the crucial role played by the finance sector due to its influence in directing investment and financial flows, and reviews what leading financial institutions are already doing to address the climate problem, and what should be done to extend and deepen those actions across the entire sector. The briefing also emphasizes the crucial role of the policy making community in setting up the regulatory frameworks that will provide the necessary long-term investment horizons, and pave the way for further large-scale investment towards a low carbon economy.

Published: 2007 | By: UNEP FI


PDF Declaration on Climate Change by the Financial Services Sector (53 KB | 3 pages)

On World Environment Day, 5 June 2007, a day before the start of the G8 meeting in Germany, UNEP FI launched its "Declaration on Climate Change by the Financial Services Sector". This is the first global statement on climate change by the finance sector, and over 20 CEOs from UNEP FI member companies have signed the declaration.

The essence of the declaration is a recognition by financial institutions from around the globe that anthropogenic climate change is real; the cost of inaction will be extremely high; financial institutions must take greater action and integrate climate change into their everyday decision-making; and governments need to do more, namely set ambitious, long-term targets for emissions reduction.

The statement remained open for endorsement in the run-up to the Kyoto negotiations in Bali this December. We encourage other members of UNEP FI to sign the declaration.

View the Statement (PDF: 53 KB)

UNEP Press Release (PDF: 40 KB)

Published: 2007 | By: UNEP FI


PDF Adaptation and Vulnerability to Climate Change: The Role of the Finance Sector (576 KB | 36 pages)

The UNEP FI Climate Change Working Group report, launched at the UNFCCC COP 12 in Nairobi, calls for a new approach on part of governments and the private sector to address the physical changes that climate change will bring, integrating adaptation with sustainable economic development and disaster management.

A disturbing message is the report’s calculation that economic losses due to climate change could reach 1 trillion USD in a single year by 2040. Both the UNEP FI and Stern reports state that in order to avoid significant costs in the future early action on mitigation and adaptation is required. The UNEP FI report argues that whatever we do to cut emissions, the climate will continue to change in the coming decades, and therefore, adjusting to the expected effects of climate change is a vital complement to mitigation. This is particularly true for the poor, who have no safety net or capital; the natural world, which changes slowly; and sectors with long lead-times such as infrastructure, utilities, forestry; and institutions with lengthy liabilities like pension funds.

The report describes some of the current products and services and other innovative approaches used by the finance sector to tackle climate change, such as weather derivatives and natural catastrophe bonds. Many potential markets that could have a major impact, promote adaptation and reduce vulnerability, such as micro-finance and insurance, are not wholly commercially viable as yet, and therefore require a public-private partnership approach to provide the seed capital and skills required.

The report’s key message:

  • Adaptation IS economic development -- by removing the root causes of vulnerability, such as low incomes, lack of diversity, disease, etc, enhances resilience and generates wealth;
  • Adaptation is also good disaster management - small changes in design can save multiples later and pre-funding can speed recovery;
  • Disaster relief is not the best way to manage risk as it is slow to arrive, hard to budget for, and vulnerability persists.

The report’s recommendation to both policymakers and financial institutions is to mainstream climate change into all levels of decision-making and company operations, and to integrate adaptation with other priorities. Finally, the knowledge and resources required for effective adaptation will not happen without the support of the private sector, and governments need to provide the policy framework and stability for business to operate more effectively in developing countries. The finance sector can play a crucial role by supplying the new markets that will be created with innovative products and services, such as weather derivatives and micro-finance.

Published: 2006 | By: UNEP FI


PDF Global Framework for Climate Risk Disclosure (138 KB | 10 pages)

A unique global partnership of 14 leading institutional investors and other organizations, including UNEP FI, representing trillions in assets released the Global Framework for Climate Risk Disclosure to provide specific guidance to companies regarding the information they provide to investors on the financial risks posed by climate change.

Published: 2006 |


PDF Using the Global Framework for Climate Risk Disclosure (590 KB | 19 pages)

This guide has examples of disclosure from leading corporations.

Published: 2006 |


PDF CEO Briefing on the Future of Climate Change Policy: The Financial Sector Perspective (1.4 MB | 12 pages)

Looking at future policy, financial institutions around the world are in need of a clear and long-term policy framework.

This publication contains recommendations from the UNEP FI Climate Change Working Group to policy-makers on how international climate policy should develop up to 2012 and beyond.

Published: 2005 | By: UNEP FI


PDF CEO Briefing on Finance for Carbon Solutions (1.3 MB | 8 pages)

This paper from the UNEP FI Climate Change Working Group (CCWG) focuses on the Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) and builds on the CCWG's work on carbon finance.

The briefing pinpoints barriers to implementation and financing of CDM projects as seen from the financial sector perspective. Recommendations on how these barriers can be overcome are provided.

Published: 2004 | By: UNEP FI


PDF CEO Briefing on Renewable Energy (375 KB | 8 pages)

This paper presents the business case for financing renewable energy. It presents concrete examples and makes strong policy recommendations for further action.

The briefing builds on the UNEP FI Climate Change Working Group's study on climate change and the financial services sector and its review of emissions trading as a financial tool.

Published: 2004 | By: UNEP FI


PDF CEO Briefing on Emissions Trading (200 KB | 8 pages)

This briefing from the UNEP FI Climate Change Working Group (CCWG) explores the issue of emissions trading from a financial sector perspective.

It follows up on some of the key recommendations of the CCWG study on Climate Change and the Financial Services Industry, outlining the current political developments, explaining the manner in which companies are affected, and discussing the risks and opportunities emissions trading presents. The briefing also discusses the role of financial services providers in diminishing the respective risks and creating new opportunities.

Published: 2004 | By: UNEP FI


PDF Working Towards a Better Climate... (227 KB | 3 pages)

UNEP FI has been engaged in climate change issues since 1994. The main objective of the Climate Change Working Group (CCWG) is to engage the financial sector on the risks and opportunities climate change presents and to enable it to play a key role in delivering market solutions that mitigate its effects.

This brochure outlines the CCWG's key aims, achievements, and members.

Published: 2003 | By: UNEP FI


PDF Sustainable Energy Finance Initiative (SEFI) (223 KB | 4 pages)

UNEP is working to create the policy and economic framework where sustainable energy can increasingly meet the global energy challenge.

This brochure introduces SEFI - a platform to provide financiers with the tools, support and networks to drive financial innovation that improves the environmental performance of the energy mix.

More details are available on the Sustainable Energy Finance Initiative website.

Published: 2003 | By: UNEP FI / UNEP Energy / Basel Agency for Sustainable Energy (BASE)


PDF Financing Sustainable Energy Directory: A Listing of Lenders and Investors (474 KB | 127 pages)

The Financing Sustainable Energy Directory is an inventory of lenders and investors who provide finance to the renewable energy and energy efficiency sectors. It is designed to help project developers and entrepreneurs seeking capital, as well as investors looking for financing vehicles.

An online version of the directory is available at http://www.fse-directory.net/

Published: 2002 | By: UNEP FI / UNEP Energy / Basel Agency for Sustainable Energy (BASE)


PDF CEO Briefing on Climate Change (677 KB | 8 pages)

This paper summarises the main findings of a major two-phase study on the financial services sector and climate change for corporate decision-makers at executive board level and for key government policy-makers.

The study shows why climate change is relevant to the financial services industry and explains the need for long-term, market-based, frameworks to foster finance sector participation.


PDF icon French (278 KB) | PDF icon German (250 KB) | PDF icon Japanese (1.6 MB)

Published: 2002 | By: UNEP FI


PDF Climate Change and the Financial Services Industry - Module 2: A Blueprint for Action (277 KB | 50 pages)

Part 2 of a two-phase study on the financial services sector and climate change commissioned by the UNEP FI Climate Change Working Group.

Part 2 examines in detail the possible future role of the finance sector in dealing with climate change, the prevailing attitudes of financial services companies in responding to the issue, the various barriers to action and the kinds of activities currently being implemented.

Published: 2002 | By: UNEP FI / Innovest Strategic Value Advisors


PDF Climate Change and the Financial Services Industry - Module 1: Threats and Opportunities (432 KB | 36 pages)

Part 1 of a two-phase study on the financial services sector and climate change commissioned by the UNEP FI Climate Change Working Group.

Part 1 discusses the underlying reasons why climate change is relevant to the financial services industry and the need for long-term, 'beyond-Kyoto' market-based frameworks for fostering finance sector participation. The study presents an overview of the specific threats and opportunities facing the financial services industry and makes a series of strategic recommendations to policymakers and financial institutions for early action on the issue.

Published: 2002 | By: UNEP FI / Innovest Strategic Value Advisors


PDF The GHG Indicator: UNEP Guidelines for Calculating Greenhouse Gas Emissions for Businesses and Non-Commercial Organisations (335 KB | 61 pages)

Businesses and other organisations increasingly have to account for and report on their greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions. This Guide provides a step-by-step method for the calculation of GHG emissions in order to give a single GHG Indicator for an organisation's contribution to climate change.

This indicator is applicable to companies regardless of their size and at all levels of operation. It can also be used by government agencies, non-governmental organisations (NGOs) and other bodies interested in estimating GHG emissions.

Published: 2000 | By: UNEP / Charles Thomas, Tessa Tennant and Jon Rolls


Related Climate Change Publications

PDF Concept paper: Making Forests Competitive - Exploring insurance solutions for permanence (59 KB | 13 pages)

View the related event: Making Forests Competitive – Practical Solutions for Permanence (UNFCCC COP 14) 9 December, Poznan, Poland

Published: 2008 | By: UNEP FI


PDF 0.618... - Issue 8 (961 KB | 16 pages)

Grapes, glitz and glamour

In this issue: Viticulture and climate change; Carbon neutral winery; Sustainability in the fashion industry; Green luxury fashion; Corporate responsibility in casual wear; reducing CO2 in Formula 1; Green is redhot in Hollywood; Environment or poverty reduction?; Extravagent lifestyle to charity non-profit.

Published: 2007 | By: UNEP FI


PDF Global Climate Change: Risk to Bank Loans (2 MB | 80 pages)

“Global Climate Change: Risk to Bank Loans”, the latest publication from UNEP FI’s North American Taskforce, assesses whether climate change poses a risk to the loan portfolios of banks in Canada and the US. The report, prepared by EcoSecurities, seeks to better understand the macro impact of climate change on financial risk, and the specific debt sectors most impacted. The report also reviews strategies that can be used by companies and banks alike to reduce the impact of climate change on their businesses, and culminates in recommendations for banks and regulators stemming from the report’s risk analysis of each loan sector in the US and Canada.

Published: 2006 | By: UNEP FI



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