Identifying the human rights issues and expectations relevant to business
(based on internationally recognised standards and voluntary initiatives)
Communities living close to project or factory sites can be affected by the operation and conduct of the business. Examples include:
Use of natural resources
Many industries require access to natural resources such as clean water and land. Human rights issues/risks include:
State provision of security
Non-state groups and security payments
Particularly in conflict areas or areas of weak governance, groups may extort payment for ensuring the security of the company's personnel and facilities. Companies should be aware that these payments may be used to finance actions which abuse human rights.
If there is a need to detain an individual following protection of company premises by security staff, this should be handled by the local law enforcement authorities and not by the security staff.
The safety of the person in detainment pending handling by local law enforcement should be duly monitored by the company.
In the development of new production sites or company premises, companies may purchase land directly from a host state. Issues may arise concerning indigenous/informal title to land, voluntary relocation or forced re-location.
Title to land
Voluntary relocation - consultation, free, prior and informed consent, and compensation
December 2014 United Nations Environment Programme Finance Initiative