When considering the human rights risks associated with a particular region, exploring the following questions will assist in highlighting potential areas of concern:
If it is not democratically elected, or if there is a history of unstable government in the country, this is a potential concern.
Conflict may include civil war, cross border fighting or incursions, terrorist or guerrilla fighting.
Some countries have poor infrastructure, due to poverty or war. This may prevent local people from accessing basic and essential services, and make it more difficult for a company to avoid infringing their human rights.
Countries may have substantial levels of debt and debt repayment which prevents them from developing basic and essential services for their populations.
A significant level of corruption within both public and business sectors can also be a negative indicator for human rights.
Sanctions have been declared against some countries because of the human rights abuses committed by their governments. Companies should seek the advice of their own government, UN agencies or other international bodies
For example, some countries may prevent women from joining the workforce, or treat indigenous or minority groups differently, or prevent the movement of people to join a workforce, or discriminate against particular groups or individuals.
Some governments have a record of abusing the human rights of their populations. This may be identified by other governments or international NGOs. Legal or illegal groups may also be abusing human rights.
|EIRIS analyses the human rights policies, management systems and reporting of companies with operations in high risk countries for human rights. EIRIS uses a proprietary list of countries of concern for human rights which divides countries into two categories of risk: high risk (category A) and medium risk (category B).|
High Risk Countries (Category A List)
Medium Risk Countries (Category B List)
December 2014 United Nations Environment Programme Finance Initiative