|Unwrapping the risks of plastic pollution to the insurance industry|
UNEP FI | 2019 | This report shows that plastic pollution risks can affect insurance and investment portfolios in the form of physical, transition, liability and reputational risks.
|Risk Assessement and Control of IUU Fishing for the Marine Insurance Industry
UNEP FI | 2019 | This report provides the first-ever guidance for insurers to combat pirate fishing.
|Investors and the Blue Economy|
Responsible Investor | 2019 | An overview and first assessment of the perceived investment risks and challenges in ocean-related investment. Showcases some investible opportunities. Promo code: OCEAN
|The Ocean Finance Handbook
Friends of Ocean Action | 2020 | A guide that seeks to demystify the investment landscape of the sustainable blue economy.
|A sustainable ocean Economy in 2030: Opportunities and Challenges|
The Economist Group | 2020 | In this report, The Economist Group's World Ocean Initiative assesses the challenges facing key sectors in the ocean economy including seafood, shipping, tourism and renewable energy.
|Unsustainable Finance in the
Blue Economy: Where Does the Money Come From?
EU | 2020 | How to shift investment towards sustainable oceans this report includes insights and recommendations for policymakers and investors. Published by the European Commission, this is a must-read for investors dealing with the blue economy.
|The State of World Fisheries and Aquaculture 2020|
UN FAO | 2020 | This report provides technical insight and factual information on the fisheries & acquaculture sector, highlights major trends and emerging areas relevant to sustainable development.
|The EU Blue Economy Report 2020
European Commission | 2020 | The report highlights the need to preserve marine ecosystems to optimise potential benefits of ecosystem services and marine and maritime economic sectors.
|Sustainable Seafood and Responsible Investment|
Aviva Investors, Sustainable Fisheries Partnership & PRI | Looking across both wild caught and farmed fish, this report looks at why investors in the seafood businesses need to consider sustainability issues.
|Leverage points in the financial sector for seafood sustainability
Jouffray et al., Science Advances | 2019 | Can finance contribute to seafood sustainability? As more capital enters the seafood industry, this report identifies three leverage points to redirect capital toward more sustainable practices; loan covenants, stock exchange listing rules, and shareholder activism.
|Empty Nets - How overfishing risks leaving investors stranded|
Fish Tracker Initiative | 2017 | Identifies 228 companies listed on the world's stock markets with exposure to seafood production. This begins the process of linking overfishing with the companies' revenue exposure and how they are managing key risks, such as overfishing.
|Investing for Sustainable Global Fisheries
Bloomberg Philanthropies & Encourage Capital | 2016 | The report includes six Investment Blueprints, each intended to serve as a roadmap for the growing number of investors, entrepreneurs, and fishery stakeholders seeking to attract and deploy private capital to scale and accelerate fisheries reform.
|Tobacco-Free Finance Pledge|
UNEP FI | 2019 | Cigarette butts are one of the largest contributors to ocean pollution, causing irreversible damage to ocean wildlife. Sign the pledge and join leading financial institutions to implement tobacco-free finance policies and encourage other institutions to follow suit.
|Protecting our World Heritage, Insuring a Sustainable Future
UNEP FI | 2019 | The first guide produced to help the global insurance industry protect UNESCO World Heritage Sites, including marine ecosystems. There are 47 such marine World Heritage Sites, covering nearly 20 percent by surface area of all existing marine protected areas (MPAs).
|Can Blue Bonds Finance a fish stock recovery?|
Planet Tracker | 2020 | It is clear that ocean fishing is on an unsustainable course of rising demand and falling supply but could recover if the reset button is pushed. Restrictions on catch, along with a proper debt financing vehicle, would assist in creating a financially viable transition scenario to sustainable oceans. A blue bond provides a more profitable route than the business-as-usual scenario, over the long-term.
|Shallow returns? ESG risks and opportunities in aquaculture
FAIRR | 2020 | Explains why aquaculture must overcome an array of ESG risks before it should be considered a sustainable solution to meeting the growing global demand for protein. It seeks to help investors understand these risks and opportunities, and integrate them into their investment decision-making.