This discussion paper centers on investor engagement in support of the net-zero transition and the need for all institutional investors, especially asset owners, to explore new forms of engagement that accelerate decarbonisation in the real economy.

In particular, the paper outlines and addresses the limits to corporate engagement being used alone.

Although it is certain that benefits of corporate engagement have not all been exhausted, in looking to the future, this paper argues for inclusion of policy engagement, sector/value chain engagement, and asset manager engagement within the investors’ toolbox.